An ability to argument one’s opinion or standpoint is a basic skill that will help you to get heard, be it an academic assignment or a real-life conversation or debate. A skill of building coherent and persuasive argumentation in writing is also crucial, since it builds the basis of your argumentative essay writing ability and may win you high grades and a good reputation with your supervisor. Are you able to convince your listeners about your point? Do you think you sound persuasive? If answers are vague or you are unsure, learn the essentials of argumentative essay writing here – we’ll show you how to make people take your stand and become a skilled influencer.
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But before starting to polish your argumentative essay writing skill, isn’t it vital to get clear about what this type of writing actually is? Our practical experience is unequivocal – the majority of writing problems are connected with a lack of understanding of the subject and specifics, so here you are with the definition of an argumentative essay. This type of writing:
- Represents a rhetorical mode of writing
- Explores an arguable topic based on the collected evidence and established position
- Presents your arguments fairly and logically in the written form.
As this comprehensive definition suggests, composing this type of a paper presupposes you to establish your view and demonstrate the ability to synthesize material. Remember: argumentation is much more than expression of your personal opinion; it is largely about creating an informed argument. Therefore, effective completion of this assignment will require prior research on the topic to comprehend supportive and opposing views, selecting a standpoint, and proving it with evidence.
How to write argumentative essay?
While the majority of standard essays include three components (introduction, body, and conclusion), the argumentative essay type is quite different in structure. It has four major components:
- This is a traditional attention-grabber serving a number of important functions: introducing the topic, raising the audience’s curiosity, urging them to read further. It also contains the thesis that makes it clear what you will argue – do not underestimate the importance of this section, it is a strong contributor to your essay’s persuasive potential.
- This part is unique for the argumentative writing because it presents the opposing view to the position you advocate. By means of giving a snapshot of an opposing view, you are likely to strengthen your argument because together with presenting that standpoint, it immediately offers counter-claims and refutes it.
- Here, you may present additional supporting evidence for your opinion; link them all to a thesis statement with properly crafted topic sentences to make the essay logically flowing. This is the best part of an essay to deal with all possible explanations, definitions, and examples illustrating your point and helping you achieve the persuasive effect.
- At the end of your essay, do not finish the narrative abruptly – in this way, you risk losing the impression on the reader and not achieving the persuasive effect with argumentation. Make sure to refer your readers back to the major point encapsulated in the thesis statement, enriched with evidence and support from the essay’s main part, and make a final strong comment to complete argumentation powerfully.
Outlining is the key to excellence
Writing is incomparably easier if it is supported by an advanced outline carefully designed to guide all stages of the compositional process. Those who have trouble structuring essays may resort to some outlining strategies to be on the safe ground during the actual writing:
- You may follow the principle of syllogistic logic in your argumentation – deductive or inductive. By following the deductive flow, structure the arguments general to particular and start with a cause to proceed to the effect. When using the inductive flow, writers first discuss the particular and then elicit the general from them, which leads to the effect-to-cause analysis. The second type of argumentation is regarded as more “scholarly,” so it is broadly accepted in the academic publications.
- Select the type of argument that you will employ in the essay and pursue it throughout the entire compositional process: debate (presentation of two sides and selecting the winner based on the quality and persuasiveness of arguments), trial (testing each of the arguments for validity to select the winner), dialectic (discussion of the debatable issue among several people in an effort to discover the truth), since-arguer effort to convince the audience, academic investigation, negotiation, and so on.
- Be sure to include indispensable elements of an argumentative essay into its structure to make it complete and persuasive in the end: select the arguable issue, take a position as an arguer, decide on your audience, establish a common ground, and conduct the debate over the topic.
Keep in mind that the primary aim of an argumentative essay to change the way people think about some issue or phenomenon, to alter their behaviors and attitudes, etc. Therefore, it is logical to focus on a topic about which the audience may disagree; otherwise, the issue may hardly be considered debatable.
Helpful topics for argumentative essays
Students of various educational levels are repeatedly urged to compose argumentative essays on a variety of topics. However, since the core of any successful argument is a debatable topic, the trouble of topic selection is well-known to many schoolers, students of higher educational establishments, and even well-seasoned researchers. To simplify the process of topic selection, we have developed the list of helpful argumentative topics for a number of occasions – enjoy!
For middle school
- High school students should not be required to take part in physical education classes on a mandatory basis.
- Young people should move out of their parents’ house as soon as they find a decent job to support themselves.
- Speed limit should be reduced to 55 miles per hour.
- Time spent in front of a TV set should be limited to one hour per day for schoolers.
- Students should not be allowed to bring cell phones to classes.
- Video gaming is harmful for young people and should be regulated.
- Young people should not be allowed to work part time during college.
- Teenage drivers are safer than elderly drivers are.
- The drinking age should be lowered in the USA.
- Fraternities and sororities should be banned in colleges.
- College athletes are stereotypically considered stupid, while this is not so.
- Cheerleading should be also recognized as a kind of sports.
- College spending on sports should be cut.
- Students dedicating much time to sports at college should be paid salaries for that.
- Tobacco and alcohol advertisements during sports events should be banned.
- Some people get addicted to gambling because of specific character traits and predisposition to addiction.
- Perseverance and social support enable people to rise from poverty and unemployment and to break the vicious cycle of low socio-economic class.
- Development of muscle memory from repeated actions is the best way of learning.
- Some marriages last for a lifetime because of the spouses’ ability to focus on broader issues and values.
- Young people frequently become homeless because of the rival spirit and a wish for adventures, while they do not understand to what ill fate they doom themselves.
- The global climate change is not really a man-made problem.
- Colleges should take standardized test scores into lesser consideration when accepting students.
- Torture is an acceptable measure under certain circumstances.
- Companies should be banned to target children with marketing.
- Participation in sports is a positive way of keeping adolescents away from negative social influence.
- The customer is never right.
- Marijuana legalization in the USA can make the majority of students better writers.
- Clothing really makes the person.
- Watching violent content never hurts.
- Video gaming skills are a sure path to finding an excellent job.
- Death penalty should be abolished worldwide.
- Social media produce a positive effect on human perception and socialization.
- Advanced car technologies are able to change people’s lives forever.
- Teens should not be allowed to have an abortion without their parents’ approval.
- Vitamins and supplements are unable to address the human body’s need for nutrients, creating a false impression of a healthy diet instead.
- Diets do not help people to lose weight in a healthy way.
- Human cloning research is about to cause a human disaster.
- Voting really makes a difference.
- Teens should be banned to have plastic surgery.
- Online companies should stop collecting information about their users.
Additional guidance on flawless argumentative essay completion
Still struggling with composition? Use some of these helpful tips, and the process will surely get swifter! Make sure to:
- Select a manageable scope for an essay. When picking a topic, be confident that you will be able to research it exhaustively and present a persuasive narrative on it. Speaking about a too narrow or too broad topic may both be a challenge, since your word count and amount of available material may be unable to capture the topic in its entirety. Hence, put your ambition aside and imagine the entire essay structure first before embarking on the writing process; the scope will ultimately determine whether you manage to complete an essay or will have to start anew.
- Choose a strong, defendable thesis. If you say that some statement is correct and it has to be adopted by your audience, you should have sufficient supporting evidence in store to convince readers. People are slow to change their minds, and you have to be truly convincing to make this happen.
- Anticipate counter-arguments. Before you start writing, consider all arguments and counter-arguments not to get into a trap. By presenting evidence honestly, you may come up to adopting the counter-claim somewhere in the middle of an essay, if evidence in its favor is more convincing than the facts in support of your standpoint are. Thus, be sure to conduct exhaustive research of all pros and cons before selecting the side you will defend.
With this helpful advice, your argumentative potential will surely grow, and you will learn to influence people’s minds easily. Try them right now to see how convincing you may sound in essay writing! Influencing people is easier than you suggested – the only thing you need is a proper argument and structure.