When one talks about the problem of intimate partner violence or abuse, most people imagine some acts of doing physical harm to a family member or a close person. However, it is not exactly so, as there is more than only one type of such abuse existing in today’s society. So, one can distinguish at least three frequently happening harmful actions towards other people.
They are as follows:
- Physical abuse
- Sexual assault or marital rape
- Mental or emotional pressure (Ronzetti & Edleson, 2008).
Each of these types of aggressive behaviors towards a relative or spouse is detrimental to a person’s psychological state. In fact, the statistics on percentage of domestic violence accidents is rather horrifying, with women’s abuse dominating the rates. e So, at least one in four wives in the UK has been a victim of violent actions within a family (Siddique, 2016). Furthermore, it is not the entire picture of such a global problem, as many incidents stay behind the doors.
To have a closer look at this issue and find the way out of the situation, one needs to know roots and reasons pushing people to act violently towards their closest ones. A general systems theory approach sheds light on the global problem of intimate partner abuse by assuming that the roots of violence in a family lie in the individuality of an abuser or victim, family values of both of them, and their social status (Greenhaven, 2009). These three constituents influence the way people communicate with each other and is a precise indicator of domestic violence’s possibility. Abuse happens in families where one of the spouses lacks resources to assert himself or herself. In other words, if a person has some social and financial troubles, he or she can snap at the closest ones. Besides, poverty is a great power turning people into abusers because a situation makes them do it (Brush, 2011).
Contrary to the popular opinion that domestic violence happens only in heterosexual couples, some research proves the inverse. Homosexual marriages aren’t immune to intimate partner abuse either. Victims of such abuses ask for help more rarely than heterosexual couples, as they don’t feel safe in our society as well (Gunnison, Bernat, & Goodstein, 2016).
The effects of abuse at home are always disastrous. However, one of the most awful results that can come after an incident is the risk of premature birth (Siddique, 2016). Thus, women who became victims of such evil actions are in danger of castling or even immature delivery. Moreover, violent actions towards a pregnant woman can lead to alcohol or substance abuse by this woman, which is also very dangerous for a baby. When a family already has a little child, constant arguments and fights of parents can boost the risk of child’s becoming an abuser or a victim of violent actions in his or her family in the future. These children are at a greater risk of developing some problems with their self-esteem, and they develop a desire to control their significant other in order to regain such an emotional and mental state (Geffner, Igelman, & Zellner, 2014).
No matter the reasons that push perpetrators into intimate partner abuse, in any case, such actions are unforgivable and bring much evil to victims. Unfortunately, many victims of these acts of violence stay silent when such incidents happen, which reduces the likelihood of stopping the adverse events and guaranteeing proper protection to vulnerable spouses and children. The first step that can be made to address such abuse is to overcome fear and shame that every victim has and counter aggression.
Brush, L. D. (2011). Poverty, battered women, and work in U. S. public policy. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
Geffner, R. (2014). The effects of intimate partner violence on children. New York, NY: Routledge.
Greenhaven. (2009). Causes, effects, and prevention of domestic violence. Encyclopedia. Retrieved from http://www.encyclopedia.com/children/medical-magazines/causes-effects-and-prevention-domestic-violence
Gunnison, E., Bernat, F. P., & Goodstein, L. (2016). Women, crime, and justice: balancing the scales. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.
Renzetti, C. M., & Edleson, J. L. (2008). Encyclopedia of interpersonal violence. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE.
Siddique, H. (2016). Domestic violence ‘doubles risk of premature birth.’ The Guardian. Retrieved from https://www.theguardian.com/society/2016/mar/09/domestic-violence-pregnant-women-doubles-risk-premature-birth-survey
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